Minority infant mortality reduction (MIMR) was one of the Foundation’s efforts to address the racial disparity plaguing infant mortality in North Carolina, specifically among the state’s African American and American Indian communities.
- A significant disparity continues to be observed in the health status of infants of different race and ethnic backgrounds in North Carolina and nationwide
- In 2015, the infant mortality rate for African American babies (12.5 deaths per 1,000 live births) was 2.2 times that of Caucasians (5.7 deaths per 1,000 live births)*
- Compared with Caucasian women, African American women had and continue to have higher rates of low and very low birthweight births and preterm births – regardless of socioeconomic status or level of education
- Historically, American Indian babies have been at a higher risk for dying in their first year – but in 2015 there were only 4.9 deaths per 1,000 live births based on very small numbers which should be interpreted with caution.
- In 2015, the infant death rate for Latinos (typically the lowest) decreased from an unusual high in 2014 (6.2 deaths per 1,000 live births) to 5.4 deaths.
- African American babies are also more likely to die of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome than Caucasian babies
- To address the high infant mortality rates of African Americans and American Indians in North Carolina
- To increase public awareness among African Americans and American Indians about risks, resources and support available to help reduce the risk of infant deaths
- African American families across the state
- American Indian communities across the state
- African American and American Indian individuals, organizations and community groups including parents, families, religious, education, and business leaders; local coalitions; youth workers; neighborhood clinic staff; and health and social service providers
- Information disseminated through the development and distribution of culturally appropriate educational messages and distributed free of charge via the Foundation website, mass-mailings, through professional exhibiting and conference opportunities.