Here you will find information on:

Checkups and Shots


An important part of keeping your baby healthy is taking him to a pediatrician for “well baby” checkups. At each visit the doctor will weigh and measure your baby to make sure he is growing at a healthy rate, check his eyesight and hearing, and talk to you about his behavior. These visits also give you a chance to ask any questions you might have about your baby’s development.

A doctor should see your baby when your baby is:

  • Within the first month
  • Two months old
  • Four months old
  • Six months old
  • Nine or fifteen months old
  • 12 months old

Shots (Immunizations)

Your baby will need the following shots during the first 15 months of life:

  • Hep B: Protects against hepatitis B, a serious liver disease
  • DTaP: Protects against diphtheria, tetanus (lockjaw), and pertussis (whooping cough)
  • Hib: Protects against haemophilus influenza type b
  • Polio: Protects against polio. This vaccine is given as a shot (inactivated vaccine called IPV).
  • MMR: Protects against measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles)
  • Chickenpox: Varicella zoster vaccine protects against chickenpox

Use the chart as a guide for when your baby should get his shots. Shots can usually be given even if your baby has a cold or is sick on the day of the visit. Your doctor will determine a specific schedule for your child.

Your child may be eligible for his or her vaccines at a reduced rate. Please review The Centers for Disease Control  Vaccines for Children Program page for additional information.

Age Shots needed
Birth to two months Hep B
1 to 4 months Hep B
2 months DTaP, Hib, Polio
4 months DTaP, Hib, Polio
6 months DTaP, Hib, Hep B
12 months MMR, Hib, Polio, Chickenpox
15 months DTaP

All babies should be immunized. Immunizations are required to attend child care and school. If you don’t have a pediatrician, call your local health department. They usually give shots to children (at no or low cost) or can help you find a clinic that provides shots.

Additional Resources

CDC Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 0 through 18 years – United States, 2015 (with footnotes)

Childhood Immunization Scheduler for your Child (CDC)
Catch-Up Immunization scheduler. Learn what vaccines your child has missed according to the CDC vaccination schedule.

Medical Home

A Medical Home is the one place you can take your child for all your child’s health care needs.

  • Checkups
  • Sick visits
  • Accidents
  • Special health needs
  • Immunizations (shots)

A Medical Home is a doctor’s office, a community clinic or a local health department. It is where the staff knows you, your child, and your child’s health history. You can call your Medical Home during office hours and after-hours.

Why Does Your Child Need a Medical Home?

A Medical Home offers the very best care for your child. Because the staff knows your child and your child’s health history, they can:

  • Catch little problems before they become big ones
  • Give you help and advice
  • Make sure your child gets the checkups, screenings and shots he or she needs to stay well
  • Help you find the right specialists and equipment for your child when needed
  • Tell you about helpful community programs

When Your Child is Sick or Hurt

You have someone to call for help! The staff at your child’s Medical Home can tell you what you need to do.

  • Treat your child at home (They will tell you how!)
  • Come to the doctor’s office (They will make the appointment) or
  • Go to the Emergency Room. The Emergency Room is for true emergencies – times when children may lose their life or risk their health without immediate treatment. It is rare when children need to go to the Emergency Room.

For Children with Special Health Care Needs

If your child has, or is at risk for, special health care needs, the Family Support Network (1-800-852-0042) can help you establish a Medical Home and get in touch with resources and services available in your area.

The American Academy of Pediatrics’ National Center of Medical Home Initiatives for Children with Special Needs website has information for parents and healthcare providers. It includes tools, training programs and materials, screening initiatives, grants and funding opportunities.

Additional Resources